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  • 试题题型【阅读理解Section D】
试题内容
Directions: Read the following text from which 10 words have been removed. Choose from the words A—O the most suitable one to fill each numbered gap in the text (46 -55). There are FIVE extra words that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
   To get a sense of bow women have progressed in science, take a quick tour of the physics department at the University of California, Berkeley. This is a storied place, the 1 of some of the most important discoveries in modern science-starting with Ernest Lawrence s invention of the cyclotron in 1931. A generation ago, female faces were 2 and, even today, visitors walking through the first floor of Le Conte Hall will see a full corridor of exhibits 3 the many distinguished physicists who made history here, 4 all of them white males. 5 display. There, among the photos

    But climb up to the third floor and you'll see a are portraits of the 6 head of the department, of current faculty members and students, whose research 7 everything from the mechanics Marjorie Shapiro, and four other women of the universe to the smallest particles of matter. A sixth woman was hired just two weeks ago. Although they're still only about 10 percent of the physics faculty, women are clearly a presence here. And the real 8 may be in the smaller photos to the right: graduate and undergraduate students, about 9——0 percent of them female. Every year Berkeley sends its fresh female physics PhDs to the country's top universities. That makes Shapiro optimistic, but also . "I believe things are getting better," she says, "but they're not getting better as to 10-- as I would like."

[A] circumstance

[B] confidence

[C] covers

[D]current

[E] deals

[F] different

[G] exposing

[H] fast

[I] honoring

[j] hope

[K] presently

[L] rare

[M] realistic

[N] site

[O] virtually

1.[选词填空]___
    • 解题思路:but提示所填词与0ptimistic平行并列,剩余选项中恰好M项realistic(现实的)符合,意思是:夏皮罗感到很乐观,同时也很现实。
    2.[选词填空]___
      • 解题思路:根据空前的me以及空后的head可知,空格处缺少形容词,因此D项current,H项fast和M项realistic符合。除D项 current外,其他两项显然不能修饰head of the department(系主任),而且current与本句前面出现的current是原词复现,说明在职教职员工和学生的照片中有现任系主任梅杰里•夏皮罗的肖像。
      3.[选词填空]___
        • 解题思路:分析句子结构可知,______the many distinguished physicists who...应该是对exhibits的修饰,说明是什么样的展览,所以空格处应填入分词作后置定语,G项exposing和I项honoring合适。展览的目的应该是纪念著名的物理学家,所以选I项honoring(向…表示敬意)。
        4.[选词填空]___
          • 解题思路:空格前面是定冠词the,后面是介词of,故本空应填人名词,根据空格前的a storied place和句意可知,此处所填词应该是place的同义词,故从选项的一系列名词中选定N项site(场所;地点)。
          5.[选词填空]___
            • 解题思路:空格前是not getting better as,空格后是as l would like,可知此空格处应填入副词。上文提到,她的态度既乐观又现实,所以她认为情况正在改善,但改善的速度不会像她希望的那么______。结合备选副词可知H项fast(快速地)最合适。
            6.[选词填空]___
              • 解题思路:空格所在处在句中作主语,根据空格前的定冠词the和形容词real可知,此处应填入一个名词。根据句意“真正的也许在于右边那些研究生和本科生的比较小的照片:其中大约20%是女性。”可知,J项hope(被寄予希望的人)符合句意。
              7.[选词填空]___
                • 解题思路:空格前的句子结构完整,空格后是all of them white males,由此可以推断空格处应填人副词,结合上下文可知,这里说的是女性物理学家人数少,男性人数多,再结合备选项可知virtually(几乎,差不多)符合句意。
                8.[选词填空]___
                  • 解题思路:空格前是whose research,空格后是everything from...to...,空格处应填入及物动词,作whose引导的定语从句的谓语。结合备选动词可知covers(包含)符合句意。
                  9.[选词填空]___
                    • 解题思路:根据空格前的不定冠词a和空格后的名词display可知,此处应填人一个形容词。根据句意“但来到三楼,你会看见一个展览。”可知,F项different(不同的)最合适。句首的but提示本句与上文所述内容是不一样的,故本题选F。
                    10.[选词填空]___
                      • 解题思路:所填词位于句子的表语位置,因此此空应填入形容词或者名词作表语。根据句意“在上一代的时候,女性的面孔还是______。”可知,L项rare(罕见的)最合适。根据and后面分句中的and of them white males可进一步确定,女性面孔在上一代人中间比较罕见。
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                      • 参考答案:M,F,I,N,H,J,O,C,F,L