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       Chinese writer Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Literature (文学). He is the first Chinese who lives and works in China to win the prize.

Mo Yan, the pen name for Guan Moye, was born in 1955 and grew up in Gaomi, Shandong Province. His parents were farmers. He left school to work at the age of 12, first on the farm, later in a factory. In 1976 he joined the PLA and during this time he began to study literature and writing. His first short story was published in 1981.

He has written many famous books about his childhood and his hometown. The novel Red Sorghum Family (《红高粱家族》) is one of them. It tells five stories that took place in Gaomi during the 1930s and 1940s. The book was published in 1987 and translated into English in 1993. It was made into a popular movie in 1987 by the well-known director Zhang Yimou.

Besides his novels, Mo Yan has published many short stories and essays (散文). He is regarded as one of the greatest writers in China. Many of his books have been translated into English, French and many other languages.

The Nobel Prizes were set up by Alfred Nobel, a great Swedish inventor, in 1895. The winner will win a medal, a diploma (证书) and a cash award of 8 million Swedish Kronor (about 7 million yuan).


1.[单选题]Which is NOT true about Mo Yan's books?
  • A.Most of the stories happened in his hometown.
  • B.They have been translated into foreign languages.
  • C.They have been made into movies by Zhang Yimou.
  • D.They are not only novels but also short stories and essays.
  • 解题思路:由第三段介绍了莫言的《红高粱家族》被张艺谋拍成电影,但没有说他的许多作品都由张艺谋拍成电影,因此C选项错误,故选C。
2.[单选题]What can we know from the second paragraph?
  • A.Mo Yan lived a hard life when he was young.
  • B.Mo Yan's family was rich when he was young.
  • C. Mo Yan had good education in his early life.
  • D.Mo Yan liked writing when he worked in the factory.
  • 解题思路:文章第二段描述了莫言的童年生活,他的父母都是农民,他很早辍学去务农或做工,因此他的童年是很艰苦的,故选A。
3.[单选题]When did Mo Yan leave school to work on the farm?
  • A.In 1955.
  • B. In 1967.
  • C. In 1976.
  • D.In 1981.
  • 解题思路:由第二段内容可知莫言生于1955年,12岁那年辍学去农场工作,所以那一年是1967,故选B。
4.[单选题]What was Alfred Nobel?
  • A. He was a poet.
  • B. He was a director.
  • C.He was an inventor.
  • D. He was a writer.
  • 解题思路:由最后一段第一句话“The Nobel Prizes were set up by Alfred Nobel, a great Swedish inventor, in 1895.”可知诺贝尔是一名发明家,故选C。
5.[单选题]What is mainly talked about in the passage?
  • A.Mo Yan has written many famous books.
  • B.Mo Yan's stories have been translated into foreign languages.
  • C.Alfred Nobel set up the Nobel Prizes.
  • D.Mo Yan has won the 2012 Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • 解题思路:全文主要讲述了莫言获得2012年诺贝尔文学奖,故选D。
  • 参考答案:C,A,B,C,D